Rwanda is a land Locked Country but a potential destination for Safari Holidays! Various Tour operators exist in Rwanda and are offering Safaris to Rwanda at discounted price Quotes.
The wildlife of Rwanda comprising its flora and fauna, in prehistoric times, consisted of montane forest in one third the territory of present day Rwanda. However, natural vegetation is now mostly restricted to the three National Parks and four small forest reserves, with terraced agriculture dominating the rest of the country.( Rwanda National Parks include Volcanoes National park which is the home to the mountain gorillas the main tourists attractions in the region and the highest income earner to Rwandan Economy According to the official website(www.rwandavolcanoesnationalpark.com) Akagera National Park is the wildlife Destination in Rwanda and enjoy Wildlife Adventures from Rwanda Tourism and Nyungwe National Park is the one for primates like Chimps Trek in the Wild.
Rwanda’s geography is dominated by savanna grassland with approximately 46 percent considered arable land and 9.5 percent dedicated to permanent crops. Grassy uplands and hills are predominant characteristics of the terrain, while the country’s relief is described as mountainous, its altitude demonstrating a decline from the west towards the east.
A unique feature in the geography and geology of Rwanda is Africa’s Great Rift Valley. As part of this rift, Albertine Rift passes through the Nyungwe forest. It is a mountainous feature that “as a whole, harbors more endemic birds, mammals, and amphibians than any other region in Africa”.
A rift Valley is where sections of the earth are slowly spreading apart over millions of years, creating mountains, lakes, valleys and volcanoes.” Another feature is the Congo-Nile Divide. This mountain range passes through Rwanda in a north to south direction.
Nyabarongo River is a major river in Rwanda, part of the upper headwaters of the Nile and accounts for nearly 66% of the water resources of the country fed by a catchment which receives an annual average rainfall of more than 2000 mm.
The country has a temperate climate with rainy seasons twice per year. Temperatures in the mountains are mild, though there is the possibility of frost and snow.
Rwanda is a good Bird destination, Nyungwe Forest, in the west, has 280 recorded species, of which 26 are endemic to the Albertine Rift; endemic species include the Ruwenzori turaco and handsome francolin.
Eastern Rwanda, by contrast, features savanna birds such as the black-headed gonolek and those associated with swamps and lakes, including storks and cranes.
Nyungwe forest is a designated Important Bird Area listed by the Bird Life International. The great blue turaco is a very prominent bird species found in large numbers. The European bee-eater is a migrant bird species in this forest area during the winter season. The Rugezi Marsh shelters Rwanda’s largest breeding population of grey crowned cranes. The strange weaver and the collared sun bird have been featured on Rwandan stamps.